The periodontium includes the gums and supporting structures around the teeth. Periodontal disease is caused by the build-up of bacterial plaque and calculus around the periodontium. Early diagnosis and treatment of gum disease is vital to prevent tooth loss. All periodontal techniques are founded on the basis of excellent and ongoing prevention if they are to be successful.
Cause: The bacteria in plaque release harmful toxins that cause inflammation and ultimately destroy the periodontium. Other risk factors such as poor oral hygiene, smoking, crowded teeth, systemic diseases, genetic factors, certain medications, poorly adapted crowns, bridges and poorly fitting dentures may accelerate the rate at which periodontal disease develops.
Consequences: The gums begin to recede, periodontal pockets form and eventually the teeth become mobile. If left untreated the affected teeth are lost.
Symptoms: The most common symptoms of periodontal disease include bleeding, red or swollen gums, receding gums, mobile teeth, drifting teeth and halitosis (bad breath). Recent studies have shown that periodontal disease is linked to other significant health problems, including diabetes mellitus, cardiovascular (heart) disease and preterm birth.
Gingivitis is inflammation of the gingiva/gums and is the first stage of Periodontal Disease. Common signs of gingivitis include red, swollen gums that bleed easily. With proper periodontal therapy, gingivitis is reversible. However, if left untreated, gingivitis may progress to Periodontitis.
Prevention: Early diagnosis and treatment of gum disease is vital to prevent tooth loss. A hygiene appointment every 6 months is usually required to keep your gums healthy. The bacterial plaque and calculus that builds up between hygiene visits will be removed, eliminating the plaque from your mouth that contributes to decay, gum disease and bad breath, ensuring optimum oral and general health.
At your hygiene appointment we will also teach you how improve your oral health routine at home and show you how to use the right inter-dental products for your mouth. The care and advice we provide will prolong the life of your teeth and give you a brighter, fresher, healthier smile by demonstrating proper brushing and flossing techniques.
How to Brush Teeth