The periodontium refers to the specialised tissue that surrounds and supports your teeth. If plaque is left to build-up in the area due to poor oral hygiene, periodontal disease can occur due to bacteria infecting the area. If left untreated, this can result in bleeding, red or swollen gums, receding gums and halitosis. Teeth can become mobile and in severe cases may result in the loss of all your teeth.
Other than plaque build-up, other risk factors include poor oral hygiene, smoking, crowded teeth, systemic diseases, genetic factors, certain medications, poorly adapted crowns, bridges and poorly fitting dentures.
If diagnosed early, preventative methods can be taken to ensure the disease doesn’t escalate. It’s important not to ignore symptoms, as recent studies have shown that periodontal disease is linked to other significant health problems, including diabetes mellitus, cardiovascular (heart) disease and preterm birth.
Gingivitis is the first stage of Periodontal Disease and refers to the inflammation of the gingiva/gums. The most common symptom is red, swollen gums that bleed easily. With appropriate periodontal therapy, gingivitis is reversible, although if left untreated it may progress to periodontitis. This is when the bone and gum surrounding the affected teeth starts to deteriorate, causing them to become sensitive and inflamed. As well as starting to recede, gums can turn a deep red colour and start to bleed during brushing or flossing.
How can gingivitis be treated?
Early diagnosis and treatment of gum disease is vital to prevent tooth loss. A hygiene appointment every 6 months is required to detect any potential problems and keep your gums healthy. The bacterial plaque and calculus that builds up between hygiene visits will be removed, eliminating factors that contribute to decay, gum disease and bad breath, ensuring optimum oral and general health.
As well as a thorough check of your oral health, we will teach you how to improve your dental routine at home, as well as recommending the right products for you and how to use them. By demonstrating the correct techniques, we can help prolong the life of your teeth and give you a fresher, healthier smile.
If you are experiencing any of the symptoms mentioned above, or if it’s just been a while since your last check-up, book an appointment with one of our dentists to ensure your teeth and gums are as healthy as possible.
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Contact us to make an appointment at Dural Dental Practice
Dural Dental Practice
Suite 1, 644 Old Northern Road,
Dural, NSW 2158
Ph: (02) 9651-2085